In our series on the varied slokas in Sanathana Dharma, we discuss Hanuman Chalisa in this post. Hanuman Chalisa is a devotional hymn on Lord Hanuman, composed by Tulsi Das.
The word Chalisa is derived from the Hindi word Chalis, which means forty. Hanuman Chalisa is a collection of forty hymns on Lord Hanuman.
LEGEND BEHIND THE STOTRA
After having had a vision of God Sri Rama in Gokula, Tulsi Das went to meet the then Emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi. The Emperor challenged Tulsi Das to show Sri Rama to him. When Tulsi Das replied that it is not possible for anyone including the King to see the God without true devotion, the enraged king imprisoned Tulsidas. It is said that Tulsi Das composed Hanuman Chalisa in the prison.
When he completed the Hanuman Chalisa in prison, it is said that an army of monkeys menaced the city of Delhi. The king unsuccessfully tried to control the monkeys with his forces. Finally, the Emperor is supposed to have realized that the monkey menace was a manifestation of the wrath of Hanuman, the Monkey God. He released Tulsi Das and urged him to intervene in this grave matter and it is said that the monkeys stopped their mischiefs immediately after Tulsi’s release.
Tulsi Das says in the Chalisa that whoever chants it full devotion to Hanuman, will have Hanuman’s grace. Amongst the Hindus of Northern India, it is a very popular belief that chanting the Hanuman Chalisa invokes Hanuman’s divine intervention in grave problems, including those concerning evil spirits and this belief is based on the claim made in the Chalisa itself.
STRUCTURE OF THE STOTRA
Hanuman Chalisa is a collection of forty hymns on Lord Hanuman, which is sandwiched between two couplets in the beginning and one in the end. The first two couplets of the stotra are Tulsi Das’ dedication to his Guru. The Chalisa details Hanuman in the order of his knowledge, devotion to Rama and man without any desire, and is written in the refined Awadhi language.
HOW TO CHANT THE STOTRA?
- Hanuman Chalisa can be recited by anyone belonging to any age group.
- Hanuman Chalisa is best recited in the mornings and evenings.
- While reciting the same, it is better to maintain personal hygiene.
- In the mornings, the hymn can be recited just after taking a bath.
- In the evenings, one can wash the hands and legs and face and then sit down for reciting the chalisa.
- It just takes less than 10 minutes to recite this hymn.
SIGNIFICANCE OF RECITING HANUMAN CHALISA
- Hanuman Chalisa is said to reduce the effects of Saturn and also bring good health and prosperity.
- Moreover, Hanuman Chalisa recitation can also help ward off spirits.
- The blessings of Hanuman will get the obstacles on one’s way removed.
- The hymn helps to get rid of the bad deeds that one commit in the previous and the present birth.
- Hanuman Chalisa helps you to get de-stressed.
For the convenience of the readers to learn the Stotra, we have attached the YouTube link of Hanuman Chalisa sung by Sooryagayathri: