Adityahridhayam is a devotional hymn associated with Aditya or the Sun God( Surya). This week we are going to discuss the origin, significance and benefits on this sloka.
The name Adityahridayam means the heart of the Sun God (Aditya- The Sun God, Hridhayam- heart). Therefore, the name of the hymn refers to the one who dwells in the heart. To go further, the word “Ad” (Pronunciation: Aadh) means “to enjoy the sense objects or to perceive the same”.
The hymn goes on further to define the inner and unchanging witness of all our thoughts, words and deeds. This hymn reminds one of the inner self that is a witness to all our good deeds as well as sins.
The Sun God is Universal and is hailed as the most powerful and brilliant Lord of the Universe by all Devas and Asuras, by all men and God.
Adityahridhayam was originally recited by sage Agastya on the battlefield of Lanka to Lord Rama. Lord Rama was fatigued after the long duel with Ravana and other warriors and all his strength was drained. So the sage instructs Lord Rama to repeat the hymn of Adityahridhayam, which was composed on the Surya Bhagavan, in order to regain his strength. This scenario with the verses of Adityahridhayam was present in the Yudha Kada of The Ramayana, as portrayed by Valmiki.
After regaining his strength by reciting the hymn, Rama killed Ravana in the next day of the war.
Structure of the hymn:
The hymn has 30 slokas in total, and the content of the slokas are as follows.
1 & 2: In the first two slokas, we can find Agastya approaching Lord Rama.
3, 4 & 5: Agasthya explains the significance of reciting Adityahridhayam.
6 to 15: In these hymns, Surya is praised for being the means of self-evident consciousness, which also conveys that the person who is in you and the person outer are the same.
16 to 20: Mantra Japa
21 to 24: The slokas on the Sun God.
25 to 30: The fruits of this prayer, the method of recital and the procedure followed by Shri Rama, invoking God to bless him with the requisite strength for the victory in the battle field.
How and When to recite?
As we always suggest, for reciting any sloka on Sanatana Dharma, one should follow
- Clean mind (Antha Saucham)
- Clean body and clean place (Baahya Saucham)
- And preferably one can recite the hymn on Sunday as the day is dedicated to the Sun God.
To be more specific, one must avoid keeping mundane Company, liquor, and Meat and observe celibacy on the day they recite the hymn.
One should get up before the sunrise, and chant the stotra as their devotion to the Sun God.
Reciting the hymn on the river side:
It is ideal to chant the stotra on a riverside, after taking bath in the same, as the Cosmic rays covering the flowing water in Arghyapradana will emanate the power received from the rays of Sun and they project on our body. Hence the germs in our body will die due to that and our body receives the vital energy.
Significance of reciting the hymn:
As mentioned under the structure of the stotra, the benefits of chanting Aditya Hridhayam is explained by Rishi Agasthya in the 3rd, 4th and 5th couplet of the hymn. The meaning of those hymns is explained as follows.
Rama rama maha baho shrinu guhyam sanatanam
yena sarvanarin vatsa samare vijayishyasi
Aditya hrudayam punyam sarva shatru vinashanam
jayavaham japennityam akshayyam paramam shivam
Sarva mangala mangalyam sarva papa pranashanam
chinta shoka prashamanam ayur vardhana muttamam
Agasthya says “Dear Rama, There is a solution for your worries. Recite the hymn and emerge victorious in the war.”
“This holy Adityahridhayam will destroy your enemies and bring you the victory. By chanting it daily you will receive perennial happiness and wealth.”
“This prayer gives you auspicious health, increases your life expectancy and destroys all your sins and worries completely.”
Srimad Bhagavatha states that in order to attain the tejas, one has to recite Aditya Hrudhayam: “Tejaskamo Vibhavasum”.
OTHER BENEFITS OF WORSHIPING THE SUN GOD
Most of us do not know the benefits of worshiping the Sun God and so, we would like to explain a few incidents as in our legends that helps us understand the power of the Sun God.
- By the grace of Surya Deva, Kunti Devi was blessed with Karna, and Monkey Rurajasa with Sugreeva, as sons.
- Satrajit obtained Shyamantaka by worshiping Surya.
- Akshaya Patra was obtained by Dharma Raja by worshiping the Sun God.
- Skanta Purana states that one can attain prosperity and wealth by worshiping the Sun God.
- Mayurabhatta could make his body diamond and become wise and free from diseases by worshiping Surya.
For the convenience of the readers, we have attached a YouTube link of the stotra with subtitles: